Appropriateness and significance of generalizations. The purpose of this report, like others from U. custom essay writing help topics This report draws extensively -- but not exclusively -- on concepts, general information, and data contained in these documents. The technique makes the results of different studies comparable so that an overall effect can be identified.
Data from confidential interviews with youths indicate that race and ethnicity have little bearing on the overall proportion of racial and ethnic groups that engage in nonfatal violent behavior. Since , the peak year of the epidemic, there have been some encouraging signs that youth violence is declining. academic writers kenya facebook Substantial numbers of serious violent offenders emerge without warning signs in their childhood. Chapter 2 presents research describing the magnitude of the problem of violent behavior by young people.
Therefore, such behaviors will be discussed only to the extent that they can be considered risk factors for violence. Professional organizations, Federal agencies, the National Academy of Sciences, and university-based researchers have invested immense energy in reviewing research on the occurrence and patterns of youth violence, its causes and consequences, intervention strategies, and implications for society. customized term paper in philosophy and social change Final sections of this chapter preview subsequent chapters and list the report's major conclusions. However, it would be ethical to conduct a predictive study that selects persons who are not violent and follows them over time. The proportion of schools in which gangs are present continued to increase after and has only recently declined.
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The steep rise and fall in arrest rates for homicide over the past two decades have been matched by similar, but less dramatic changes in some of the other indicators of violence, including arrest rates for all violent crimes and incident rates from victims' self-reports. Many legitimate concerns and issues that are indisputably associated with violence by young people are not addressed in depth in this first report. Finally, it underscores the importance -- and the paucity -- of research on factors associated with the cessation of youth violence or its continuation into adulthood. Most future offenders can be identified in early childhood.
A new perspective pp. Protective factors warrant, and are beginning to receive, more research attention. As noted earlier, four of the chapters in this report -- those concerned with magnitude, demographics, risk and protective factors, and intervention research and evaluation -- mirror components of the public health approach to youth violence. Chapter 5 also highlights important limitations in the current research on youth violence prevention.
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This perspective considers a range of risks over the life course, from prenatal factors to factors influencing whether patterns of violent behavior in adolescence will persist into adulthood. The strongest risk factors during childhood are involvement in serious, but not necessarily violent criminal behavior, substance use, being male, physical aggression, low family socioeconomic status or poverty and antisocial parents -- all individual or family characteristics or conditions. application essay writing service free draft Research has shown that victims and offenders share many personal characteristics and that victimization and perpetration of violent behavior are often entwined.
It describes two different, but complementary ways of measuring violence -- official reports and self-reports. A Youth violence is a public health concern. essay writing service legal oxford university At the time this report was prepared, nearly half of the most thoroughly evaluated strategies for preventing violence had been shown to be ineffective -- and a few were known to harm participants. Scope, Focus, and Overarching Themes The mission of the Surgeon General is to protect and improve the public health of the Nation, and this report was developed within the responsibilities and spirit of that mission. In striving to apply scientific standards consistently across the many fields of research reviewed, this report has emphasized two criteria:
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Synmag essay firebird suite finale analysis essay? The Surgeon General's report on youth violence reviews a vast, multidisciplinary, and often controversial research literature. Data may be obtained through four major types of study design: Bergman, L Dating violence among high school students.
African American and Hispanic males attending large inner-city schools that serve very poor neighborhoods faced -- and still face -- the greatest risk of becoming victims or perpetrators of a violent act at school. This section provides a brief overview of each chapter, while the following section presents a summary of key conclusions drawn from each. Only findings that have been replicated in several studies, consistently and with no contrary results, are reported as part of the contemporary knowledge base.
Uncorrected, these myths lead to misguided public policies, inefficient use of public and private resources, and loss of traction in efforts to address the problem. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. These young people exhibit a pattern of escalating violence through childhood, and they sometimes continue their violence into adulthood.